IMPLEMENTATION OF CIVIC EDUCATION ON IMPROVING STUDENT’S CIVIC INTELLIGENCE THROUGH LEARNING MODELS
The purpose of this research is to find out the implementation of Civic Education through the utilization of learning models to improve the civic Intelligence of students, considering the quality of Indonesian education which is quite alarming, this is one of the factors than hinder the progress of the nation. Until now, the quality of education in each region is still not evenly distributed, which makes the quality of education in Indonesia still very far from perfect. The poor quality of Indonesian education has an impact on the level of intelligence of the students. Based on the World Population Review in 2022 released data on IQ or the level of intelligence possessed by the population in Indonesia at 78.49, placing Indonesia at the 130th position out of 199 countries tested. In the Southeast Asia region itself, these results put Indonesia at the bottom compared to other countries. The decline in intelligence levels is also not only in intellectual intelligence also a concern. Students, as the next generation of the nation are, required to have Civic Intelligence because not only intellectual intelligence is needed, but also how they can become “good and smart citizens”. Civic Education is one of the platforms to improve the Civic Intelligence of Students, because these two things cannot be separated. The implementation, of Civic Education continues to develop until now, one of which is the development of learning models. Researchers conducted research using the narrative Review method of 35 National and International Journals from 2012 to 2022 and the focused on observing the implementation of learning models to increase students’ Civic Intelligence through the implementation of civic Education in various ways. Overall, this review is an appropriate reference point for further research by identifying research needs in the implementation of civic education on improving students Civic Intelligence in Schools’ effectively and efficiently.
Keywords: Civic Education, Learning Model, Civic Intelligence, School