EFL TEACHERS’ PERSPECTIVES TOWARD TEXT-BASED APPROACH TO DEVELOP STUDENTS’ WRITING SKILLS IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
This research aimed to explore Indonesian EFL teachers' perspectives of the Text-Based approach (TBA) to develop students’ writing skills. Specifically, it attempted to explore: (1) teachers’ understanding of TBA, (2) teachers’ perspectives of the implementation of TBA to develop students’ writing skills, (3) teachers’ perceived difficulties and problems of TBA to develop students’ writing skills. The research employed a qualitative approach. Five English language teachers at a senior high school in Jambi Province, Indonesia participated in this research. The data were collected using open-ended questions via Google Form and were analyzed following Miles and Huberman's (1994) qualitative data analysis procedures. The results revealed that all participants had a good understanding of the concept of TBA, in which the definitions of TBA given by all the participants were related to the concept of TBA proposed by some scholars. All the participants also claimed that they have implemented and agreed that TBA can improve the students’ writing skills by analyzing the structure, language features, social function, and vocabularies based on the text given. However, the participants still faced some difficulties in implementing TBA, which include students’ low ability, selecting an appropriate text, time management, and lack of facilities.
Keywords: text-based approach, writing, teachers’ perspectives, implementation, problems, difficulties